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What is the importance of custom and usage as a

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Unformatted text preview: colonists and the British share common ideas about how the British constitution worked and why it was the best constitution in the world? The colonists shared the same ideas about the British constitution and believed that it was the best constitution in the world because many of the colonists were British and still considered themselves to be British rather than American. At the time the colonists cared just as much about the British government as the British citizens did. How did the British Constitution work? The British constitution provided an idea that a mixed and balanced government would preserve liberty by separating power. o Crown o Lords o Commons o Almost the entire constitution was based on precedent and customs. For example the England did not have a Supreme Court because the House of Lords filled this position. What were the elements of mixed government in Britain? One element of mixed government was King ­in ­Parliament Sovereignty. In this the king worked closely with Parliament (two body house of both the lords and the commons) but the commons and the assemblies were under direct control and could not protect their interests. This was a model of government that emerged after the Glorious Revolution in 1688. The second element of mixed government was Crown Sovereignty. As the king became closer and closer with the Parliament and more specifically the commons, the more influence the commons were able to have over the king. This eventually led to the Parliament having control over taxation and borrowing. What were the elements of mixed government in the colonies? The idea of mixed government was seen in the colonies because the government was broken down into governors, councils who were appointed, and assemblies that were elected to represent the people. The governors were the direct representatives of the king so this made it difficult to interact productively with the assemblies because often times the assemblies did not approve of what the king was doing. Why were colonial governors relatively weak politically? Why did colonial governors have trouble influencing the course of political debate and policy in the colonies? The colonial governors were the direct representatives of the king and often times there was disconnect between them and the colonial assemblies making it tough for the governors to gain patronage. 1. Governors had short terms that were not fixed and were more concerned with rising in power in the king’s administration in England rather than rising in power in the colonies. 2. Colonial assemblies had control over colonial finances – impacted governors salaries and the ability to finance patronage networking 3. Colonial assemblies prohibited governors from sitting in on colonial assembl...
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2013 for the course ECON 311 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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