SOCY 11:9 - Majority and Minority Patterns of Interaction...

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Majority and Minority: Patterns of Interaction Four models: pluralism, assimilation, segregation, genocide Pluralism Pluralism : a state in which people of all races and ethnicities are distinct but have equal social standing U.S. is pluralistic to the extent that all people have equal standing under the law but also has non-pluralistic characteristics. Assimilation Assimilation : the process by which minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant culture Miscegenation : biological reproduction by partners of different racial categories Though more common, interracial marriage still amounts to only 4% of all marriages Segregation Segregation : the physical and social separation of categories of people De jure segregation- by law De facto segregation- in fact Hypersegregation : having little contact of any kind with people beyond the local community Genocide Genocide : the systematic killing of one category of people by another Deadly form of racism and ethnocentrism Race and Ethnicity in the United States Native Americans Refers to hundreds of societies who first settled the Western Hemisphere Low social standing as a result of cultural factors. 1. Noncompetitive view of life 2. Reluctance to pursue higher education 3. Dark skin made them targets of prejudice and discrimination White Anglo-Saxon Protestants Cultural Legacy- English dominant language, Protestantism dominant religion Historical dominance is evident. Widespread use of “race” and “ethnicity” to describe
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