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Unformatted text preview: shermen and boats. increased the percentage of fish populations that are harvested. Two countries wishing to reopen the seas to whaling are 139) __a__ Japan and Norway. Japan and Russia. Denmark and Finland. Iceland and Japan. Australia and Norway. Mangrove forests are valuable to tropical coastal ecosystem s because they are: 140) __e__ sources of wood chips, relieving harvest pressures on tropical forests. sources of revenue for developing countries. sources of timber. natural areas for shrimp culture. habitats for many marine organisms. Land given the greatest protection from ecosystem alteration is designate d 141) __e__ grazing lands. Fish and Wildlife Preserves. National Wildlife Refuges. National Parks. wilderness. Public land which is preserved with the greatest protection is 142) __a__ Wilderness. National Parks. National Forests. National Marine Sanctuaries. National Wildlife Refuges. Which of the following are public lands specificall y set aside to protect wildlife? 143) __e__ bureau of land management national parks. wilderness areas. national forests. national wildlife refuges. The National Park System must balance the need for environm ental protection and: 144) __c__ historical use. sustaining extractive resources such as timber. public access. protecting endangered species. protecting game species. Which of the following is true of private land trusts? 145) __b__ as more public land is acquired their importance is waning. they are increasing both nationally and internationally. they cannot preserve land as well as public agencies. they cannot be used to limit development. they take land out of public use. Which of the following is true of market valuation of natural goods and services? 146) __b__ only ecosystem services contribute to human well being. it is easier to assign market value to natural goods than ecosystem services. only natural goods that can be sold can be assigned an economic value. only natural goods have an economic value. only natural goods have instrumental value. Preservati on differs from conservati on in that it attempts to preserve an ecosystem or species without regard to: 147) __c__ its current state continuity of the species or ecosystem economic value or utility public interest ownership According to the "precautio nary principle" , how should the total allowable catch (TAC) relate to maximum sustained yield (MSY)? 148) __d__ to keep the population stable it should be about the same as MSY. it should be greater than the MSY. for maximum growth it should of MSY to allow for uncertainties, it should be much lower than MSY it should equal the MSY. Managem ent for maximum sustainabl e yield often fails because 149) __e__ it reduces the population to below the carrying capacity. policies change too fast and too often. some populations reproduce so fast they exceed carrying capacity. it is theoretically impossible. varying conditions affect replenishment of the harvested resource. 1 ) H. popul ation 2 D. popul ation densit y 3 G. mono cultur e 4 E. envir onme ntal resist ance 5 A. biotic poten tial 6 C. critic al numb er 7 F. carry ing capac ity 8 B. clima x 9 I. secon dary succe ssion 1 J. prima ry succe ssion 1 G. biota 1 A. genet ic bank 1 L. ecoto urism 1 F. extin ction 1 B. exotic speci es 1 H. keyst one speci es 1 M. habit at altera tion 1 L. ecoto urism 1 J. intrin sic value 2 D. instru ment al value 2 K. speci ation 2 I. Lace y Act 2 C. Enda ngere d Speci es Act 2 N. CITE S 2 O. Biodi versit y Treat y 2 C. sustai nable forest mana geme nt 2 L. shelte rwoo d cuttin g 2 H. renew able resou rces 2 A. restor ation ecolo gy 3 J. certif icatio n 3 N. Tropi cal rainfo rests 3 O. biota 3 I. com mons 3 E. clearcuttin g 3 G. privat e land trust 3 F. uneve naged mana geme nt 3 K. sustai nabili ty 3 H. renew able resou rces 3 B. trage dy of the com mons 4 M. prese rvatio n 4 C 4 E 4 D 4 D 4 B 4 B 4 E 4 E 4 C 5 A 5 C 5 D 5 D 5 E 5 C 5 B 5 E 5 C 5 B 6 B 6 C 6 D 6 B 6 C 6 A 6 C 6 C 6 D 6 D 7 D 7 B 7 E 7 E 7 E 7 B 7 A 7 C 7 A 7 B 8 C 8 E 8 A 8 A 8 D 8 D 8 B 8 B 8 A 8 B 9 D 9 A 9 B 9 B 9 E 9 A 9 E 9 A 9 C 9 E 1 B 1 C 1 D 1 C 1 B 1 D 1 B 1 E 1 D 1 D 1 D 1 B 1 A 1 D 1 D 1 D 1 A 1 E 1 B 1 C 1 A 1 D 1 B 1 C 1 C 1 E 1 D 1 A 1 A 1 A 1 B 1 B 1 D 1 B 1 C 1 C 1 A 1 C 1 E 1 A 1 E 1 E 1 A 1 E 1 C 1 B 1 B 1 C 1 D 1 E...
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- Fall '11