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1 the self must be capable of obtaining the

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Unformatted text preview: obtaining the available desired outcome 2. The situation in which one attempts to exercise control needs to be at least somewhat predictable and responsive. Based on Reeve (2009, p. 384) 47 Perceived control Perceived Control Beliefs High Perceived Control vs. Low Perceived Control Goal setting Task choice Effort Concentration Persistence in the face of difficulty Positive emotional states Problem-solving strategies Performance Based on Reeve (2009, pp. 384-385) 48 Self-confirming cycles of high and low engagement Perceived Control Beliefs High vs. Low Actual Outcomes Engagement vs. Disaffection Based on Reeve (2009, pp. 385-386) 49 Desire for control Aspiration level High DC vs. Low DC Response to challenge Persistence Attributions for success and failure More likley to attribute success to self and failure to unstable source Motivation level remains high May develop an illusion of control Select harder React with tasks; set goals greater effort more realistically Higher goals are achieved May attempt goals too difficult Difficult tasks are completed May develop performanceinhibiting reactions Work at difficult tasks longer References Deckers, L. (2010). Motivation: Biological, psychological, and environmental (3rd ed.). Boston, USA: Allyn & Bacon. Reeve, J. (2009). Understanding motivation and emotion (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. High DC benefit High DC liability Difficult tasks are completd May invest too much effort Figure 13.7 Influence of Desire for Control during Achievement-Related Performance (Burger, 1985) Based on Reeve (2009, p. 387) 50 Note: Image credits are in the slide notes 53 Summary Two personality characteristics related to happiness: Extraversion BAS Happiness Neuroticism BIS Unhappiness Two personality characteristics related to arousal: Sensation seeking Affect intensity Two personality characteristics relate to control: Perceived control Desire for control Based on Reeve (2009, pp. 388-389) 51...
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