Unformatted text preview: tuations, e.g., positively or negatively cause people to approach and avoid different situations determine choice and alteration of situations, e.g., approach, avoid, or modify
Based on Deckers (2010, pp. 210-212) Neuroticism Extraversion Openness to Experience Agreeableness Conscientiousness 12 Are you happy?
Do you experience +ve emotion frequently? How intense and deep is the happiness that you experience? Do you feel vital and alive? Are you unhappy?
Do you suffer emotionally? How intensely do you experience negative emotions? Is your typical day an emotional roller-coaster? Personality & happiness
Extraversion Neuroticism Happiness Unhappiness Happiness set point Unhappiness set point Based on Reeve (2009, pp. 368-369) 13 Based on Reeve (2009, p. 370) 16 Happiness and unhappiness are related, but separate, dimensions Extraversion & happiness
Greater capacity than introverts to experience positive emotions; stronger and more sensitive Behavioral Activating Systems (BAS) Eagerness to approach potentially rewarding situations Greater Sociability (than introverts) Greater Social Dominance (than introverts) Greater Venturesomeness (than introverts) 14 Based on Reeve (2009, Figure 13.2 Components of extraversion, p. 371) 17 Big 5 personality factors & happiness Neuroticism & happiness
Neurotics Happy student profile: Neuroticism Extraversion Aggreeableness ~ Conscientiousness ~ Openness Greater capacity than emotionally stable individuals to experience negative emotions; stronger and more sensitive Behavioral Inhibition Systems (BIS) Eagerness to avoid potentially punishing situations 15 Greater Avoidance behaviour and Emotional Distress (than emotionally stable individuals)
Based on Reeve (2009, pp. 372-373) Source: "Very Happy People" by E. Diener & M. E. P. Seligman, 2002, Psychological Science, 13, Table 3, p. 84. 18 Happiness economics Happy Planet Index Quantitative study of happiness, positive and negative affect, well-being, quality of life, life satisfaction and related concepts, typically combining economics with other fields such as psychology and sociology. The field has grown substantially since the late 20th century, for example by the development of methods, surveys and indices to measure happiness and related concepts.
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