Motivation_and_Emotion_-_Lecture_09_-_Personality_2011_6slidesperpage

374 human beings harbour motives for counteracting

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Unformatted text preview: harbour motives for counteracting insufficient stimulation and underarousal. 26 Based on Reeve (2009, pp. 375-377) 29 Insufficient stimulation & underarousal Heron's sensory deprivation study The brain and nervous system prefer a continual and moderate level of arousal generated by environmental stimulation. Based on Reeve (2009, Figure 13.4, p. 376) 30 Excessive stimulation & overarousal Overstimulating, stressful environments Sensation seeking Personality characteristic related to arousal and reactivity. Related to the extent to which a person's central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) requires change and variability. 31 Based on Reeve (2009, p. 379) Emotional disruption Anxiety, Irritability, Anger Cognitive disruption Confusion, Forgetfulness, Impaired Concentration Physiological disruption Sympathetic, Nervous system, Hyperactivity Human beings harbour motives for counteracting excessive stimulation and overarousal. Based on Reeve (2009, p. 377) 34 Sensory isolation tanks Sensory isolation tanks provide minimal external stimulation Relaxing Restorative Facilitate higher consciousness "Over the last 25 years I have exhausted numerous addictions and relationships in pursuit of the very sensation - or state of being actually that the floatation tank gave me in one hour. No drug-induced euphoria, no sexual or romantic high, no nicotine or food fix, nor any spiritual venture ever brought me as close to my desired destination as the float tank did. This illusively defined 'destination' became much clearer to me after floating in the tank. It's a truly remarkable and freeing experience." - Annie C - http://www.samadhitank.com/ Sensation seeking Defined as "the seeking of varied, novel, complex, and intense sensations and experiences, and the willingness to take physical, social, legal, and financial risks for the sake of such experiences" (Zuckerman, 1994) 32 Based on Reeve (2009, p. 379) 35 Credibility of the inverted-U hypothesis Neiss's criticism Descriptive rather than explanatory Does not apply to everyday affairs in which arousal level changes relatively little. Sensation seeking & sensory deprivation Zuckerman was a graduate student in sensory deprivation studies. Zucker...
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