Unformatted text preview: man interested in subjects who:
hated deprivation couldn't tolerate low levels of stimulation wanted new experiences Revelle, Amaral, & Turriff's experiment (1976)
The inverted-U hypothesis applies nicely to everyday sources of stimulation e.g., caffeine and time pressure.
Based on Reeve (2009, pp. 377-379) 33 36 Sensation seeking
Sensation seeking determines how a person reacts to a situation or event. Sensation seeking determines the situations and activities a person chooses. Sensation seekers Biological basis
SSs have levels of monoamine oxidase (MAO) SSs tend to have relatively levels of dopamine their biochemistry favours approach over inhibition SSs tend to have relatively levels of serotonin their biochemistry fails to inhibit them from risks and new experiences
Based on Reeve (2009, pp. 379-381) 40 Who was the sensation seeker? Sensation Seeking Scale
(SSS; Zuckerman) Thrill and adventure seeking
(action gamblers) Seek experiences outside the conventional lifestyle
(travel, friends, art) Disinhibition: release of inhibitions, escape the pressures of daily life.
(escape gamblers) Steve Irwin Princess Diana
38 Low tolerance for boredom, repetition and sameness.
41 Sensation seekers
Need higher levels of stimulation to maintain positive mood.
When stimulation falls mood slumps. Push to keep stimulation levels as high as possible. Enjoy more intense sensations and experiences SSS predictor of addiction
Sensation seeking is correlated with: Alcoholism Gambling Are more likely to:
Search for novel experiences Prefer unusual stimuli and situations Choose things that are out of the ordinary See sensations and experiences being worth physical, social, legal, or financial risks Engage in risky sports and activities Be more more susceptible to boredom Perhaps common in all addictions
39 42 Control
Perceived Control Desire for Control
The extent to which individuals are motivated to establish control over the events in their lives. Control Differences in people's pre-performance expectancies of possessing the needed capacity to produce positive outcomes.
Based on Reeve (2009, p. 384) 46 Perceived control
In order to perceive that one has control over a given situation...
1. The self must be capable of...
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