Motivation_and_Emotion_-_Lecture_09_-_Personality_2011_6slidesperpage

Motivation_and_Emotion_Lecture_09_Personality_2011_6slidesperpage

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Unformatted text preview: g., World Database of Happiness http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/ Based on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Happiness_economics Environmental efficiency of supporting well-being (Ratio of happiness to resource consumption (sustainability)) Countries shaded by their position in the HPI (2006) Highest-ranked countries are bright green Lowest are brown 19 Based on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Happy_Planet_Index Subjective well-being in 97 countries Natural happiness and synthetic happiness Natural happiness: Occurs when you get what you want. Synthetic happiness: Occurs when you accept that you didn't get what you want. Synthetic happiness is as real as natural happiness e.g., in dating, you look to get what you want, in marriage, you find a way to like what you've got. Based on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Happiness_economics 23 Easterlin paradox (1974) Within a given country people with higher incomes are more likely to report being happy. However, in international comparisons, the average reported level of happiness does not vary much with national income per person, at least for countries with income sufficient to meet basic needs. Why are we happy? Why are we happy? (Dan Gilbert, 2004, 21:20, TED talk) http://www.ted.com/talks/dan_gilbert_asks_why_are_we_happy.html Based on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Happiness_economics 21 24 Performance & arousal Arousal Original Yerkes-Dodson (1908) diagram. The Hebbian curve left out the top line showing that increased arousal did not adversely impact performance during simple tasks. 25 Based on http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:OriginalYerkesDodson.JPG Arousal A person's arousal level is mostly a function of how stimulating the environment is People engage in behaviour to or their level of arousal: When underaroused, people seek out opportunities to their arousal levels, because s in environmental stimulation are pleasurable and enhance performance whereas s are aversive and undermine performance Insufficient stimulation & underarousal Sensory deprivation: An individual's sensory and emotional experience in a rigidly unchanging environment When overaroused, people seek out opportunities to their arousal levels, because s in environmental stimulation are aversive and undermine performance whereas s are pleasurable and enhance performance Based on Reeve (2009, p. 374) Human beings...
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2013 for the course BIO 273 taught by Professor Harry during the Fall '12 term at Central New Mexico Community College.

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