Chapter 6 Feedback, Reinforcement and Intrinsic Motivation 1. In a review of studies investigating the effects of performance feedback, it was found that performance increased approximately a. 10% b. 80% c. 50% d. 25% e. 100% 2. The principles of reinforcement are complex because a. different people react differently to the same reinforcement b. people are unable to repeat the desired behavior c. they apply to males but not females d. a and c e. a and b 3. In the study of a team of swimmers by McKenzie and Rushall, a. an attendance board was used to track attendance at swim practice b. the swimmers showed a significant increase in attendance after the intervention c. the swimmers won more races after the intervention d. a and b e. a and c 4. According to the results of Komaki and Barnett's study of a Pop Warner football team, a. the team won more games after the intervention period b. the team performed three plays more effectively after the intervention c. there was no significant difference in performance after the intervention d. the team exhibited higher levels of enjoyment after the intervention 5. Behavioral coaching, behavior modification, and contingency management have in common the goal of a . structuring practices through the systematic use of reinforcement b. changing practices monthly to increase learning c. changing practices daily to increase performance d. a and c e. a and b 6. In a recent study on the relationship between holding scholarships and levels of intrinsic motivation in collegiate athletes, Amorose, Horn, and Miller found that a. males in team sports exhibited higher levels of intrinsic motivation in general than females in team sports b. athletes on scholarship had lower levels of intrinsic motivation in general than athletes not on scholarship c. male athletes exhibited higher levels of intrinsic motivation than female athletes d. a and b e. b and c 7. Which of the following is (are) NOT among the principles of punishment? a. Punish the behavior, not the person. b. Do not use physical activity as a punishment. c. Impose punishment in a personal way. d. a and c e. b and c 8. The additive approach to the relationship between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation suggests that a. internal and external motivation are unrelated
b. intrinsic plus extrinsic motivation equal more motivation c. extrinsic rewards undermine intrinsic motivation d. a and b e. a and c 9. Feedback can provide instructional information about a. the players' important psychological traits and states b. the levels of proficiency to be achieved c. the performers' current level of proficiency in the desired skills
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