Assorted Terms - Letter from a Birmingham Jail o After...

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Letter from a Birmingham Jail o After nonviolent protest in Alabama o Defended impatience of people in movement o Need forceful direct actions or true civil rights will never be achieved o Nonviolent civil disobedience o Human rights take precedence over laws o Break laws lovingly & openly—showing respect for laws bc insisting laws must be just o Battle in the courts, not the streets? o 1963 o Moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws Civil Rights Movement o Mid50s-70 o Rosa Parks o Brown Equal Protection Clause o 14 th am o No state shall deny citizen equal protection of the laws Due Process o Govt must respect all legal rights owed to a person according to law of the land o 5 th -no person deprived life, liberty, property without due process of law o 14 th -no state deprive life, liberty, property without due process of law
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Privileges and Immunities o 14 th am o No state can abridge privileges and immunities of citizens
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Unformatted text preview: • 1 st am o Freedoms-religion, speech, press, assembly • Writ of Certiorari o Judicial review o Order by higher court directing lower court to send record for review of judgment • Southern Manifesto o Opposed to racial integration in public places o Abuse of judicial power o Use all lawful means to get reversal o 1956 • Brandeis Brief o First brief to rely on analysis of factual data in addition to legal theory o Used in Muller v. Oregon (Oregon’s limit on working hours of women constitutional under 14 th amendment bc state interest in protecting women’s health) o Empirical data, social authorities, social science used in law o Model used in Brown to demonstrate harmful psychological effects of segregated education...
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Christopher Reinemann
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