Final Review - HIST 1302 Fall 2012 Final Exam Study Guide...

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HIST 1302Fall 2012Final Exam Study GuideThe final exam will have 50 multiple-choice questions and some extra credit questions based on the items listed below (drawn from lecture and the assigned reading, from chap. 25, 26, 27, and 28). The last 3 questions are drawn from chapters 29 and 30, and the last question includes specific page numbers in the textbook. World Bank & International Monetary FundJuly 1944- Bretton Woods conference in NH44 Countries sent delegates (during war)World Bank- have money from many nations in the bank- share risk/ cost ofLoaning money to countries that need to rebuild after WWII ended.U.S. put 1/3 of the total money into World Bank (more than anyone else at the time.)U.S. gets in return: World Bank will be in D.C.An American will be President of World BankU.S. gets 1/3 of votes on loans, etc. USSR attended conference but refused to join World Bank. FUTURE PROBLEMSInternational monetary fund- stabilized currency.United NationsAugust- October 1944: Dumbarton Oaks conference (D.C)U.S., Great Britain, China, USSR- Wrote preliminary charter for United Nations.United Nations will have 2 parts:1.) Security Council:5 permanent membe`rs- U.S., Great Britain, China, USSR, France.6 Rotating members, 2 year term, (1965- 10 rotating members)Security Council will:Be able to use forceto settle conflictsEach have veto power over actions (but not over debate)2.) General Assembly:For allother nationsWeak- able to discuss and/or vote only for what Security council allows.Source of the “rotating” members for Security Council. United Nations begins meeting in April- June 1945.FDR avoided Woodrow Wilson’s mistakes (Senate rejecting League of Nations)- Senate ratifies treaty committing U.S. to be part of United Nations.
Yalta conferenceoU.S., USSR, & Great Britain- meet to plan how to end WWII.oUSSR is preoccupied with protection- Stalin wants a buffer zone of countries friendly to USSR around the USSR. “Spheres of Influence”oLater critics will say “FDR sold us out at Yalta.” For compromise with Stalin.Loses 55 mil ppl in waroAfter war ends, what do we do with Germany? They decide to cut Germany into 4 parts, with Great Britain, France, United States, and USSR each supervising 1 part- temporary solution. Shows a lack of trust (U.S. vs. USSR) FDR insists that Stalin hold free elections in Poland as soon as possible. April 1945- President VP Harry S. Truman becomes Truman was a small town guy trying to prove he can handle the job adopts a touch guy stanceTruman disliked and did not StalinPotsdam conferenceJuly 1945Stalin vs. Truman who can be tougher?Both know US has atomic weapons to Use on Japan neither one admits the knowTruman gets stalin to help invade JapanTruman pressures Poland (free elections)They agree that each supervising country can handle in ¼ of Germany as they see (stalin wants to punish his ¼ of Germany)This conference showed more tension host6ility just below surface between US and USSRBaruch PlanTensions grow

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