HIST 1302Fall 2012Final Exam Study GuideThe final exam will have 50 multiple-choice questions and some extra credit questions based on the items listed below (drawn from lecture and the assigned reading, from chap. 25, 26, 27, and 28). The last 3 questions are drawn from chapters 29 and 30, and the last question includes specific page numbers in the textbook. World Bank & International Monetary FundJuly 1944- Bretton Woods conference in NH44 Countries sent delegates (during war)World Bank- have money from many nations in the bank- share risk/ cost ofLoaning money to countries that need to rebuild after WWII ended.U.S. put 1/3 of the total money into World Bank (more than anyone else at the time.)U.S. gets in return: World Bank will be in D.C.An American will be President of World BankU.S. gets 1/3 of votes on loans, etc. USSR attended conference but refused to join World Bank. FUTURE PROBLEMSInternational monetary fund- stabilized currency.United NationsAugust- October 1944: Dumbarton Oaks conference (D.C)U.S., Great Britain, China, USSR- Wrote preliminary charter for United Nations.United Nations will have 2 parts:1.) Security Council:5 permanent membe`rs- U.S., Great Britain, China, USSR, France.6 Rotating members, 2 year term, (1965- 10 rotating members)Security Council will:Be able to use forceto settle conflictsEach have veto power over actions (but not over debate)2.) General Assembly:For allother nationsWeak- able to discuss and/or vote only for what Security council allows.Source of the “rotating” members for Security Council. United Nations begins meeting in April- June 1945.FDR avoided Woodrow Wilson’s mistakes (Senate rejecting League of Nations)- Senate ratifies treaty committing U.S. to be part of United Nations.