The chapter introduction tells the story of the Battle of Bunker Hill to make the point that
Americans won their revolution by pitting dedicated amateur soldiers against the might of
Britain's professional redcoats.
initially the war went badly for the Americans, testing their commitment to liberty and
a key question in that battle and throughout the war was whether Americans would really
fight to win their independence.
declaring independence was one thing, but after the Declaration, actually fighting against
the authority of one's own king was quite another.
The text suggests that a fundamental question at the outset of the Revolution was, "Will
they fight?" Different individuals answered this in different ways. Which of the following does
NOT accurately state one of the responses?
Northern Anglicans and recent emigrants from the British Isles tended to remain loyal to
Most middle-class American revolutionaries preferred to join the Continental Army rather
than merely become part of their local militias.
The war to protect liberty and property was, ironically, waged by those classes of
Americans who were poor and least free.
In the latter part of the war, brutal civil war between loyalist and rebel bands raged across
During the first year of the Revolution, American war aims shifted from a desire for redress
of grievances to a demand for complete independence. All of the following influenced this shift,
the impact of Tom Paine's Common Sense.
Washington's refusal to command the Continental Army until independence was
congressional actions that would be appropriate only to an independent government.
British actions to crush American resistance by force.
Which of these was NOT among the actions taken by the Continental Congress, before the
Declaration of Independence, that seemed to be the actions of an independent government?
drafting the "Olive Branch Petition"
creation of a Continental Army
dealing with Canada
opening American trade to other nations
The Declaration of Independence based the case for independence on
the violations of colonials' "rights as Englishmen."
Parliament's infringements on American liberty.
George III's infringements on American liberty.
the argument that monarchical government violated both reason and the Bible.
The first, briefer section of the Declaration of Independence dealt with ________, while the
second included ________.
American grievances; reasons for now becoming independent of the English
the general right of revolution based on natural rights; the specific offenses of King
George III by which England forfeited its right to rule Americans
the announcement of American independence; the reasons why such a declaration must
be made at this time
the assertion that all men are created equal; the rights of life, liberty, and happiness as
justifications for severing ties with England
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