Midterm Study Guide

Midterm Study Guide - 1. What is paradoxical about the...

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1. What is paradoxical about the notion of ‘Socratic wisdom’? a. Socratic wisdom – appreciating the scope and quality of human knowledge b. If you truly follow it, you are constantly questioning c. Can never be sure of anything – constant state of unease (avoid shameful ignorance) d. Another: virtue is only reason for action; if we know what’s right, we’ll do it, but we don’t 2. State Anselm’s ontological argument for God’s existence. Then explain why this proof, whether or not it is successful, counts as a priori . a. A priori – no particular experience is required to acquire that knowledge b. Reduction ad absurdam deductive argument – truth preserving c. Argument i. God is that than which nothing greater can be conceived ii. It is possible that such a being exists in reality iii. If we can understand/think about something, it exists in the understanding iv. God exists in our understanding v. Suppose God exists only in the understanding vi. God can be conceived to exist in reality (ii) vii. Existing in reality and understanding is greater than just the understanding (great-
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Midterm Study Guide - 1. What is paradoxical about the...

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