(Oral Health).docx - Running head ORAL HEALTH 1 Healthy...

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Running head: ORAL HEALTH 1 Healthy People 2020 Impact Paper Chamberlain College of Nursing NR503: Population Health Epidemiology and Statistical Principles May 17, 2020
ORAL HEALTH 2 Healthy People 2020 Impact Paper Oral caries is a shared chronic childhood disease that is preventable but affects a child’s well-being in regard to their nutritional intake and their activities of daily living (Mussleman, E., 2020, p. 32). There are many elements that are related to the progression of dental caries within children that involve socioeconomics and demographics (Mussleman, E., 2020, p. 32). The prevalence of dental caries left untreated amongst children living in poverty is high which affects the Hispanic, African American or Black, Asian population much more in children (Mussleman, E., 2020, p. 32). This paper will provide an overview of the problem in the state of New Jersey by reviewing the epidemiological and demographic data on mortality/morbidity and risk, presenting the goal, overview and objectives of Healthy People 2020, and will provide population level prevention and health promotion review. Oral Health in New Jersey Local and state health departments are unaware and have deficient knowledge on oral health in children leading to health disproportions (CHCS, 2020, p. 9). In the state of New Jersey, there is insufficient statewide data on oral health disease and usage of oral health service amongst the pediatric population (CHCS, 2020, p. 12). Challenges are sought in New Jersey’s preschool-aged children regarding dental services due to the majority of general dentists not providing treatment to children and not having enough pediatric dentists who are accessible in treating children with prevalent dental caries (CHCS, 2020, p. 8). Also, it is noted that there are many qualified children that are not enrolled in Medicaid but there is also a scarcity of dentists that serve the Medicaid populations (CHCS, 2020, p. 8). Another challenge that New Jersey is facing is that fluoridation of public water is lacking, as well as an inadequate use of fluoride supplements where it is necessary (CHCS, 2020, p. 10). Failing to institute good eating and

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