COMS 361 - Lesson 6.docx - Lesson 6 Nationalistic...

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Lesson 6: Nationalistic Propaganda Introduction and Reading Summaries How do nations build a sense of national identity? What is the role of propaganda in this process?
The Propaganda of National Symbols
Reinforce the concept of citizenship national symbols, national achievement, national uniqueness - Stories frame such presentations that draw from history and look to a utopian future - Sense of themselves and belonging is used in reaffirming themselves or shaping new selves in times of radical change Iconic figures These figures: - Emerge from popular folk lore - Ideal creations by the state -eg the ideal worker of communist regimes states often reproduce ideal stories and narratives favourable to its preferred national story Prior to taking this course I viewed propaganda solely as a negative persuasion technique. National Anthems Use the patriotic appeal of music that mobilizes grand rhetoric about the history and ideals of a nation: - Appeal to physically emotional responses from those who identify with them - Used at formal as well as informal settings such as sports events National Flags Welsh suggests they are the most striking symbols of nationhood United states: a fundamental part of the pledge of allegiance Canada: an important part of the pledge of citizenship the representational and symbolic role of the flag cements ppl to the nation National Monuments Monuments and statues are used to showcase history and generate patriotic pride - Architectural edifices, tombs, and panels serve as memorials and historical markers World’s Fairs and Exhibitions Propaganda of national achievements are a vital form of nationalism aimed at building morale and self pride Common forms include: - Stories about national success thru statements and celebrations of achievement - Scientific innovation and technological advances being touted - World’s fairs and exhibitions that promoted the achievement of nations The Olympics and the World Cup International sports heightens a sense of nationalism The games are symbolic at many levels: - National symbols abound in the celebration in the form of national flags, national anthems, and through competition - Foster the expression of mass emotion and the spectacle of achievement - With modern mass media, they have become a form of mass entertainment - Function as forms of political propaganda

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