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Sociology Study Guide #1

Sociology Study Guide #1 - Sociology Study Guide Test 1...

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Sociology Study Guide: Test # 1 Sociology- Considers how entire groups of people are affected by factors and how society itself might be affected – what people do as members of a group or in interaction with one another and what that means for individuals and for society as a whole It is the scientific study of social behavior and human groups. Focuses on relationships; how those relationships influences peoples behavior’ and how societies, the sum total of those relationships, develop and change. It is a social science, much of sociology might seem like common sense, but everything in sociology has been proven with research. Sociological imagination – Is the understanding of the relationship between the individual and the larger society (seeing how society shapes our behavior). Allows us to comprehend the links between our immediate personal social setting and the remote impersonal social would that surrounds and helps to shape us The key element of the sociological imagination is that it enables sociologist to view ones own society as on outsider would (take sports for example, with the sociological imagination would look at cock fights and college football respectively to different cultures both would look strange) Applied Sociology – Sociology developed overtime. Some of the developers of modern sociology are Auguste Comte – coined the term sociology in post revolutionary France where he saw society as influencing human behavior Harriet Martineau – looked as society in America emphasized the impact that economy, law, trade, health and population could have on social problems, believed people should act on their convictions in a way that would benefit society Herbert Spencer – Merely hoped to understand society better, used evolution to show how society change over time Emile Durkheim – insisted that behavior must be understood within larger social context not just in individual terms coined term Anomie (the loss of direction felt in s society when social control of individual behavior has become ineffective) during industrial revolution said anomie occurred because people lost sense of direction typically as a result of social change that is so overwhelming (also studied suicide and how society effects suicide numbers) Max Weber – Emphasized “insight’ and “understanding” - cannot analyze social behavior by objective criteria like temp or height must study how people themselves view and explain their behavior Karl Marx – emphasized group identification and associations that influence an individuals place in society Charles Horton Cooley – used sociological perspective on small groups as seedbeds of society, in the sense that they shape peoples ideals, beliefs, values and social nature Robert Merton – combined theory and research when broke down the way people attempt to achieve success and reasons for doing such
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Functionalist Perspective – Developed by Talcott Parons – society is made up of many different parts, each part contributes to the stability of the whole. Everything in society
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Sociology Study Guide #1 - Sociology Study Guide Test 1...

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