jan. 25th - Sociological vs. Psychological I. How would you...

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Sociological vs. Psychological I. How would you typically evaluate the college courses you take? A. Before the first class B. During the first class C. Throughout the course II. Looking at the classroom from a sociological perspective A. Rules of Conduct B. Group of Characteristics C. Power Relation D. Social Functions III. The Sociological Perspective A. …Looks beyond the individual’s personal vantage point to consider broad social patterns and processes that are not immediately apparent. B. Focus is on “social facts”—which are properties of social life that cannot be explained by reference to the activities, sensibilities, or characteristics of individuals a. Social inequality-it is not tangible b. Bureaucratic organization-“April 15” c. Prejudice d. Discrimination Sociological Investigation I. Introduction 1.Sociology as scientific investigation 2.The value of scientific investigation-identifying what is true. II. The Elements of Science A. Concepts-abstract ideas-“a mental image” B. Variables-a concept that has a value that varies from case to case 1. Measurement-process of determining the value 2. oprtsyionslixsyion-exactly what is being measured C. Reliability-consistency in measurement D. Validity-what is actually being measured E. Relationships among variables 1. Cause and effect 2. Dependent variable 3. Independent variable 4. Correlation is not causation F. Objectivity 1. “A state of complete personal neutrality in conducting research” 2. “Value free” sociology 3. Replication
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III. Limitations of scientific -Differences between natural and social world -Importance of subjective interpretations -Politics and ethics in sociology IV. Methods of Social Research -Survey research -Experimental research -Observational/Field research -Secondary analysis Major Areas I. Major Areas within sociology A. Social Psychology B. Social Structure and Social Change C. Social Demography and Ecology II. Two main levels of Sociology A. Micro level (micro sociology)- the behavior of individuals or small groups B. Macro level (Macro sociology)-the behavior of large sale social phenomena III. Two Major theories in macro sociology A. B. Different General Assumptions 1.Nature of Society a. Order theory-society built on common values/society needs certain things b. Conflict theory-shared values don’t exist/ groups in society are in conflict 2.Nature of Social Problems a. Order Theory- problems are individual/temporary b. Conflict Theory- problems are structural/permanent x 3.Solutions to Social Problems
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jan. 25th - Sociological vs. Psychological I. How would you...

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