Psych study guide 1

Psych study guide 1 - STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1 1 Why does Steska...

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STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1 1. Why does Steska ask so many questions? He’s curious 1. What are the characteristics that qualify psychology to be described as a science? Psychology is defined as the science of behavior and cognitive processes… As a science, psychology uses methods that are designed Focus of psychology is on the causes of behavior 2. How does your text define psychology? The science of behavior and cognitive processes . 2. Describe the primary focus of each of the major content areas within psychology. Behavior – emphasis on overt actions Cognitive – emphasis on thoughts, memory, and reasoning Biological – emphasis on biological processes Evolutionary – emphasis on inherited tendencies Psychodynamic – emphasis on hidden, often unconscious processes Cultural/Multicultural/Social – emphasis on social and cultural processes 3. List and describe the major research methods used in psychology. Observation Survey method Correlation Experimentation 4. What is the availability heuristic? It is a mental shortcut suggesting that the easier it is to bring something to mind, the more frequent or important it is
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5. Describe the socio-cultural, cognitive, physiological and psychodynamic perspectives in psychology. Socio-cultural – focuses on the role of social and cultural factors and especially a difference between cultural, ethnic, sexual preference and racial groups 6. What is conformation bias? The tendency to verify our own views
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Psych study guide 1 - STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1 1 Why does Steska...

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