Achilles Tendon Injuries

Achilles Tendon Injuries - Achilles Tendon Injuries Janet...

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Achilles Tendon Injuries Janet Cook Jessilyn Haines Katrina Wyatt
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Topics for Discussion Structure and anatomy Tendonitis Tendonosis Rupture Rehabilitation Prevention Conclusion
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Anatomy of Achilles Tendon Originates at distal extension of Gastrocnemius and Soleus muscles Gastrocnemius and Soleus muscles join together to form Achilles tendon Inserts at the calcaneal bone at the base of the foot When these muscles contract they induce plantar flexion of the foot, which is important for weight bearing and balance as well as propulsion of the body essential for physical activity.
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Movements of the Foot Supination/inversion : when the subtalar and talocalcaneonavicular joint angles outward and the medial longitudinal arch lifts and there is a falling motion that causes a large amount of stress placed on the outside of the foot. Pronation/eversion : when the subtalar and talocalcaneonavicular joints angle inward causing the medial longitudinal arch to collapse.
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Plantar Flexion: foot extends downward and angle between the foot and leg increases Dorsiflexion: foot flexes upward and angle between the foot and leg decreases
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Tendonitis Causes and Contributing Factors overuse/ overtraining lack of progression uphill running repeated microtraumas overpronation improper footwear tight posterior leg muscles
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Symptoms of Tendonitis Acute symptoms Pain in the tendon during walking and performing normal functions Pain during exercise Swelling of the tendon Tightness in the tendon upon palpating Chronic symptoms Pain and stiffness in the tendon especially in the morning. Persistent inflammation that worsens with increased levels of exercise.
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Treatment Acute Stage Goals: limit further injury, limit swelling, limit pain and spasm and increase R.I.C.E.S. Rest: decrease the level of activity, particularly
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Achilles Tendon Injuries - Achilles Tendon Injuries Janet...

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