COSC 611 Comprehensive Benchmark .docx - Component #1:...

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Component #1: Developmental Considerations in CounselingCase StudyLarissa is a 14-year-old who was born in Mexico but has lived legally in the UnitedStates for the last five years. She asked to speak to the school counselor because she and herparents have been experiencing more conflict lately because she wants to do more with herfriends, especially on weekends, and her parents want her to attend family functions with them.They say she can have her friends come to her house, but she is reluctant to invite them becauseher parents do not speak much English. She says she wants to be respectful of her parents butthinks they do not understand what it is like for her.As the counselor, I must consider the developmental and cultural factors that are relevantto this case. “…counselors need to be knowledgeable about child and adolescent developmentalprocesses, including the ability to distinguish among normal developmental deviation, pathology,and minor crises” (Vernon & Schimmel, 2019, p. 42). “To maintain this level of discernment,counselors must carefully consider the presumed physical, cognitive, social, and emotionaldevelopment of a young client before the first meeting and throughout the counseling process”(Vernon & Schimmel, 2019, p. 42).As for Larissa, she is fourteen, which is considered to be in the age range of earlyadolescence. This is a time of “tremendous change,” and “puberty is a catalyst for adolescence,and young adolescents are impacted in numerous ways” (Vernon & Schimmel, 2019, p. 17). Thisdevelopmental period has been described as “the culmination of four primary themes: “noveltyseeking, social engagement, increased emotional instability, and creative exploration”” (Vernon& Schimmel, 2019, p. 17). This period is a time of exploration and a time when adolescentscommit to the choices they make (Vernon & Schimmel, 2019, p. 17). “…ethnicity can play a
critical role in identity development, and ethnicity identity development may moderate theimpact of the discrimination and prejudice on their self-esteem” (Vernon & Schimmel, 2019, p.17). “As you adolescents engage in their search for self, they de-idealize their parents and pushfor autonomy” (Vernon & Schimmel, 2019, p. 17). Despite pushing for autonomy, they are stillyoung and lack maturity and life experience (Vernon & Schimmel, 2019, p. 17). “Cross-culturally, following the transition to middle school, young adolescents’ self-esteem declines andthey are undergoing drastic physiological and environmental changes” (Vernon & Schimmel,2019, p. 18). In Larissa’s case, she is seeking to be independent from her parents while “fittingin” with her peers and figuring out who she is as a person. This period of “self-development” canbe a difficult time for young people in general, but Larissa has the added complication of beingfrom another country and having to assimilate to the customs and ways here.

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Term
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The Land, School counselor, Vernon Schimmel

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