HIST10 Midterm2 google - 1 Roman Republic 2 Senate 3 T...

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1. Roman Republic 2. Senate 3. T. Sempronius Gracchus 4. C. Marius 5. L. Cornelius Sulla 6. Spartacus 7. Cn. Pompey Magnus 8. C. Julius Caesar 9. Battle of Pharsalus 10. Cleopatra 11. M. Junius Brutus 12. C. Cassius Longinus 13. M. Antonius 14. C. Octavius Augustus 15. Battle of Actium 16. Julio-Claudians 17. Pax Romana 18. Trajan 19. Hadrian 20. M. Aurelius 21. Virgil 22. Ovid 23. Livy 24. M. Tullius Cicero 25. Colosseum 26. Septimius Severus 27. Aurelian 28. Diocletian 29. Constantine I 30. Milvian Bridge 31. Milan Edict
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32. Jesus 33. Paul 34. Constantinople 35. illustres 36. Theodosius I 37. Huns 38. Visigoths 39. Adrianople 40. Romulus Augustulus 41. Vandals 42. Ostrogoths 43. Franks 44. Gupta Empire Byzantine Empire 45. Justinian 46. Theodora 47. Nika Revolt 48. Sassanid Persia 49. Bedouins 50. sheikh 51. majlis 52. Muhammad 53. hejira 54. Islam/Muslim 55. Koran 56. caliph 57. Omar I 58. Ali 59. Hussein 60. Muawiya 61. Umayyads
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62. Shi’ite/Sunni 63. Abu al-Abbas 64. Abbasids 65. Sui Dynasty 66. Sui Yangdi 67. Li Yuan 68. Tang Dynasty 69. Chang’an 70. Hsuan Tsung 71. Yang Guifei 72. Battle of Talas 73. Harun al-Rashid 74. Charles Martel 75. Pepin 76. Charlemagne 77. Irene 78. Constantine VI 79. Song Dynasty 80. Silk Road 81. Teotihuacan 82. Maya 83. Seljuk Turks 84. sultan 85. Manzikert 86. Alexius I 87. Urban II 88. 1 st Crusade 89. 2 nd Crusade 90. 3 rd Crusade 91. Saladin 92. Innocent III
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HIST10 Midterm #2 Review Roman Republic: 509 - 31 BC. Was a polis where only those who had their own armor and weaponry could serve in it. A very narrow oligarchy disguised as a democracy because all males despite their wealth were allowed to vote and eligible to hold office. The political ladder: o 2 Consuls co-presidents of the Roman state always only 2 consuls created in response to the tyranny of the kings so no one would be too powerful consuls could propose laws to the senate and tribal assembly cconsuls could veto one another o Praetors: courts o Aedilles: city managers o Senate: Once a quaestor, become a senator for life o Quaestors: treasury o Most priests were also senators Senate : The senate ran Rome and controlled all aspects of power in Rome. All city officials were senators and they controlled: the money, the courts, and the military. The position of senator was for life. About 300 senators at any given time, the wealthiest and most powerful men in Rome. Over time they became corrupted and started doing violent, unpredictable things etc. eventually leading to the Roman revolution. Fought over:(1)Election to office (2)Policy (3)The good military commands. T. Semprionius Gracchus: Elected as Tribune in 133 BC at the beginning of Roman Revolution. He realized there were two problem: (1) the number of small farmers had declined which meant there were very few soldiers (because soldier had to supply their own equipment), (2) large amount of poverty → lost their farms → difficult to support their family. He wanted to solve both problems by taking land in Italy and dividing it among the poor. The senates say no to the idea because they don’t like helping the poor since they’re lazy and because the land was being used by them. Next, Gracchus takes the idea to the people ( the tribal assembly), the true
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