PSYCH FINAL.pdf - Psych Final PPT u23af Lecture Notes...

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Psych Final PPT Lecture Notes Book notes Personality Disorders Chapter 32 Personality Disorders Personality traits can be defined as characteristics an individual is born with- or develops early on in life. They influence the way we perceive and relate to the environment. Personality disorders occur when traits become rigid and inflexible and contribute to maladaptive patterns of behavior. Separated in clusters A They are odd and eccentric Paranoid Schizoid Schizotypal B Dramatic, emotional, & erratic Antisocial Borderline Histrionic Narcissist C Anxious or fearful Avoidant Dependent OCD Type Paranoid Distrust and suspiciousness. Persistent mistrust of others. Assume others intend to exploit, harm, or deceive them. Constantly on guard and hypervigilant. Higher incidence of genetic link to Schizophrenia. Appear tense and irritable Avoid interactions with other people lest they be forced to relinquish some of their own power Extremely oversensitive Maintain their self-esteem by attributing their shortcomings to others Do not take responsibility for behavior will project feelings onto others Envious and hostile toward those who are highly successful and believe the only reason they are not as successful is because they have been treated unfairly Schizoid Detachment from social relationships; restricted emotional response. Social isolation; aloofness; loners; prefer being alone; not interested in sexual relationship with others; indifferent to praise or criticism. Refuse treatment. Work in isolation. Childhood- lacked nurturing/empathy. Like to be alone Not affected by praise or criticism Characterized primarily by a profound defect in the ability to form personal relationships Often seen by others as eccentric, isolated, or lonely Inappropriately serious about everything and have difficulty acting in a lighthearted manner Neither desires nor enjoys close relationships, including being part of a family Has little, if any, interest in having sexual experiences with another person
Takes pleasure in few, if any, activities Lacks close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives Appears indifferent to the praise or criticism of others Shows emotional coldness, detachment, or flattened affectivity Schizotypal Acute discomfort in social relationships, eccentric/unusual behavior (appearance; thought process; speech). Interested in paranormal phenomena; magical thinking. Very uncomfortable in social settings-endorse a great amount of anxiety. Anxiety based on paranoid concerns. Can become psychotic when under extreme stress. Benefit from low dose anti-psychotics and anxiolytics. Described as ‘latent schizophrenics -behavior is odd and eccentric, but do not decompensate to the level of schizophrenia.

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