P9 Notes - P9 Heinz Dilemma In Europe a woman was near...

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P9 Heinz Dilemma In Europe a woman was near death and only one drug could be used to save her. Husband not able to pay for it and breaks into store and steals it Kohlberg Level 1: Pre-conventional Stage 1: Obedience and punishment orientation An Action is bad if it will result in punishment An action is okay if it will lead to punishment Stage 2: Self-interested exchanges To get what you want, you have to make a bargain, giving up something in return (Looking at moral situations with a focus on themselves) Level 2: Conventional Stage 3: Interpersonal accord and conoformity (level of most adults and adolescents) Good actions improve a person’s relationships with significant others Bad actions harm those relationships Stage 4: Law-and-order morality Good actions follow the laws and conventions of the larger society Bad actions break those laws. Level 3: Post-conventional Stage 5: Human rights and social welfare morality (only reached by few adults) Good actions are in accord with universal ethical principles that may transcend laws. Bad actions violate universal principles Relation between Piaget’s and Kohlberg’s stages Piaget Kohlberg Pre-operational -> pre-conventional Concrete operations -> conventional Formal operation -> post-conventional Criticisms of Kohlberg’s Theory Hard to replicate Neglects moral feelings No necessary correlation with behavior
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Language Culture biase Gender bias Carol Gilligan: Two Approaches to Moral Reasoning Justice: Focusing on abstract moral principles such as fairness, equality under the law, the right to liberty, property, and life Caring: Focusing on how a decision would affect others around one. Would it promote harmony or dissention? Lyons (1998) Study Materials The porcupine and the Moles Lyons study results Justice Caring or both Males 71% 29% Females 40% 60% Sensorimotor stage Goal-directed behavior Object permanence Imitation and inter-sensory coordination Can all be seen in preliminary form at 8-12 months Habituation Procedure Habituation: infant looks at it until bored, then looks away Dishabitation: when infant perceives something new. He/she shows interest
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course CRM LAW SC C7 taught by Professor Schmann during the Spring '08 term at UC Irvine.

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P9 Notes - P9 Heinz Dilemma In Europe a woman was near...

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