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Ling 101 2-13-08

Ling 101 2-13-08 - Ling 101 Jake Sebastian 12:07:00 PM What...

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Ling 101 2/13/08 13/02/2008 12:07:00 Jake Sebastian What is syntax? Merging words into phrases, and words and phrases into larger phrases until  you get sentences. Wellformedness Sentencews need to be wellformed in terms of their: Phonotactic structure  Semantic Structure Categorical Structure The categorical structure of sentences The basic building blocks of sentences are WORDS Each word has a category label Xo (“x” raised to the zero (0)) X = N(oun), V(erb), A(adj.) Words combine into PHRASES Metaphrases Diagram see looseleaf (1) Phrases have heads Each phrase has one daughter tha t is its head: o N2 – N raised to the 2 - =NP o Det      N0 = head o The     boy
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X – bar structure of phrases Each phrase has a head and one or two dependents –  Diagram see looseleaf (2) Recursion
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