Ling 101 3-5-08

Ling 101 3-5-08 - explicit instruction (cf. learning to do...

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Jake Sebastian Ling 101 Properties of the Input -Basic Claim: -Children are exposed to input that is far from ideal -Compare learning to play chess when players you watch and learn to play the game Poverty of the stimulus -This property of the input refers either to: incompleteness (narrow sense) -or to other deficiencies of the input as well 1.) Incompleteness (POS in narrow sense) - ‘Complicated’ sentences are avoided and in fact rare: - What did you hear mommy saying – 2.) Limitedness - children will hear only a finite set of all possible sentences - Children do not memorize sentences, but they have the ability to make their own sentences - An infinite number of them do to recursion. 3) Errors - People make many errors in their spontaneous speech - These errors do not mislead the child into thinking that they are grammatical 4. Lack of Negative Evidence - blatant grammatical errors such as: - Is the boy – who sick coming later? - do no occur in the input 5. Lack of instruction - There is no
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Unformatted text preview: explicit instruction (cf. learning to do subtraction)- Even correction does not help-if parents correct they correct content not grammar Language Acquisition -Universal: All children do it-Flexible: Each child can be learn any language (and more than one)-Rapid: They do it fast.-Uniform result: Convergence on the same mental grammar-Uniform stage: The Stages of language Acquisition-0-1: emergence of phonology-1-1.5: first words-1.5-2: two word stage (combinations of words)-2-2.5: telegraphic stage -2.5-3: development of syntax, inflect. Endings and lexicon-3-3.5L Transformations o he is playing o why he is playing? (frequent error) o why is he playing?-3.5-4: combined sentences: o The boy, who is playing, fell o I see him falling o I pushed him and he fell A closer look at the first year- babies have to interact with other humans for the basis of their language development- dont learn language abstractly; imbedded in interaction...
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Ling 101 3-5-08 - explicit instruction (cf. learning to do...

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