Linguistics 101 3-3-08

Linguistics 101 3-3-08 - Linguistics 101 Deep universals...

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Linguistics 101 3/3//08 Deep universals - Reflect properties of the human mind that are unlikely to be learned - If specific to language, they are part of UG - As such, deep universals support the IH Types of Deep Universals - Principles - Absolute; for all languages: P - Implicational: for all language: if P then Q - Parameters - Disjunctive: for all languages: P or Q Surface Universals - Properties that languages tend to have - Unlike deep universals, not all languages need to have them What accounts for surface universals? - Principles of communication : Be clear, be short, be relevant, etc. - Non- cognitive biological constraints : speech/hearing apparatus, brain structure - Functional Linguistics Deep Universals, yes but… - Deeper (cognitive) properties of languages are not a reflection of an innate language-specific module (GU) - The reflect general cognitive principles/tools (categorization, analogy, etc.) - Cognitive Linguistics The Rationalist’s reply - When alleged deep universals turn out to have exceptions: PARAMETERS
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