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Linguistics 101 3-19-08

Linguistics 101 3-19-08 - Linguistics 101 To Speak ne...

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Linguistics 101 To Speak ne language is exception - We live in a multilingual world - 7000 languages in 195 countries - Many children grow up with more than one language - Second Language Acquisition - Learning a new language is hard - Or is it? The difference between early and late learning - Children have no difficulty learning a new language - Adults do, in most cases - Why? The Critical period Hypothesis - If there is a critical period for language learning (extending up to puberty) - …we explain the difference - Can we go beyond subjective experiences? Two interpretations of the CPH (page 175) Exercise Hypothesis - Late learning is perfectly possible for people who have learned a first language early in life Maturational State Hypothesis - Exercise is irrelevant; language learning declines with maturation The work of Johnson and Newport (book, 174-177) Facts - Start of exposure - Before the age of 7 – fully fluent - Before age 15 – near fluent (steady decline) - After 15 – non-native performance (individual differences)
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