Introduction: IraqRationaleAfter spending a year in Iraq, I’m interested in learning how the country is sustained and their standard business practices, outside of what I have learned from firsthand experiences.Location and Geography (Central Intelligence Agency, 2015)Regional Location: Southeastern Europe, Southwestern AsiaWater Access: Persian Gulf, Tigris River, Euphrates RiverBordering Countries: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Turkey, Syria, JordanNatural Hazards / Climate: Dust storms, sandstorms, floods(World Atlas, 2015)
Sociocultural EnvironmentValues and Communication (Iraq – Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette, 2016)Languages: Arabic (official Language), Kurdish, “Iraqi Arabic”Non-verbal Communication: Shaking hands with eye contact and smiling, same sex will kiss on the cheek, standard greeting is “asalaamu alaikum” with “wa alaikum salaam” as the response.Business Etiquette (Iraq – Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette, 2016)1.Formal business dealings2.Prolonged handshake with direct eye contact3.The leader does most of the talking4.Men wait for the woman to extend her hand5.Interruptions should be expectedHofstede’s Dimensions of Culture (Hofstede, 2015)Power Distance: 95Centralization is popularPower distributed unequallyBoss is a benevolent autocratIndividualism: 30Strong collectivistic societyLoyalty is paramountStrong Influence of nepotismMasculinity: 70Driven by competition &successBeing the best is paramountManagers are decisive & assertiveUncertainty Avoidance: 85Rigid codes of beliefIntolerant of unorthodox behaviorInnovation may be resistedLong-Term Orientation: 25Normative cultureTraditionalFocus on achieving quick results
Sociocultural Environment: Observation DeckBusiness ObservationsThere would be risks with heavy investments due to military and political unrest in the country, along with the entire region.Just over half the population is in the working age category (15-54) and can also read and write, which shows a strong and trainable labor force. A large portion of the population will also become working age (0-14) indicating future growth. Growth is inhibited due to over regulation restricting foreign investors.Discussions can become forceful and heated. Show respect but be firm as fighting is the way to work out problems and disagreements.