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POLITICAL SCIENCE 1st half MIDTERM NOTES

POLITICAL SCIENCE 1st half MIDTERM NOTES - NORMATIVE...

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NORMATIVE : Explanatory and Philosophical POSITVE : Descrptive What is Political Authority???? 1) Political/Legal Authority entails a right to rule 2) Political/ Legal Authority entails the capacity to impose obligations on subjects “AN AUTHORITY” : By knowledge not by consent Example : An electrician has more knowledge in regards to how the wires are interconnected whereas one has no background or idea on what wire to cut and which one to leave therefore the electrician is an authority based on: 1) Knowledge : does not needs ones consent or even make a difference what our opinion is in regards to their knowledge because we lack it. 2) Issue Statements that should be believed so you must surrender your judgment. 3) Inequality (those who know and those who do not know). 4) Substantive Purpose (to reach a goal(s)). 5) Separate from Force and Violence. Share this view : PLATO argues that the one to hold authority should know how to do the job. ……….VS……… “IN AUTHORITY” Example : President No a function of knowledge but rather 1) A function of offices and rules ( A procedure that puts you there) 2) Issues commands that are to be obeyed and not necessarily to be believed . 3) Recognizes equality (Authority needs to recognize equality). 4) Procedures as
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opposed to substantive purposes . 5) Might does not make right meaning that separation btw powers and legitimacy do not require force . Share This view ; HOBBES will offer this type of vision he argues that you don’t have to believe in it but you must still “think what you want but law has authority” Justifying Political Authority – Knowledge or Procedures?????????? 1) If there is no obligation to follow 2) Then government cannot enforce 3) Then there is no wrong in disobeying Is Political Authority Based on Consent or Higher Principles??????? 1) FIRST POSITION “We the people as a compact of states” “The General Government emanated from the people of the several states forming distinct communities and acting in their separate and sovereign capacity and not from all of the people forming one aggregate political community.” JOHN C. CALHOUN Argues that the states are the ones that count because the constitution was signed by people who represented states not individuals States came together to form a government The people and Political community act in states State of CA existed before the union Why did he believe in this Authority?
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Tariff violated many states Northern states benefited at the cost of the Southern states MAJORITY was BENEFITED What is the point of the constitution according to JOHN C CALHOUN? The constitution was created to Limit the Power of the majority and PROTECT the RIGHTS of the MINORITIES The states created the federal government not the other way around The right to INTERPOSITION ( also called veto, nullification) SUMMARY: States should be trusted and have the right to Veto federal laws if it violates its interest and MINORITIES have the power to walk away from the majority if their fundamental interests are being violated.
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