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TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIAL 1Technology Structures and Social BoundariesDavid P. Lyons School of Business, Liberty UniversityAuthor NoteDavid P. Lyons I have no known conflict of interest to disclose. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to David P. LyonsEmail: [email protected]
TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIAL 2Technology Structures and Social BoundariesIntroductionOne of the pertinent issues in the field of sociology is the perception of the corporate organization and the study to not only personify it, but also to reduce it to human behavior (Davis, 2014). As such, the authors argue that organizations perform significant roles in the modern world. According to Scott and Davis (2015), the presence of organizations today affects almost every industry in the modern-day social life. Scott and Davis (2015) study organizations, their nature and functions, how they have changed, and how individuals think as well as study them. They concur that today's organizations share some features that distinguish them from other social structures. These authors also introduce three vital concepts, including rational, natural, as well as open system perspectives. Natural, Rational, and OpenScott and Davis (2015) identified three central perspectives, including natural, rational, aswell as open structures. Understanding them is crucial because each of these systems marks pertinent references to organizations. Each of these views also typifies and expresses the historical emergence of the study of organizations. The historical organizational formation reveals why these three viewpoints pay focus on specific regulatory aspects. According to Scott and Davis (2015), the contemporary corporate concept might be understood as a blend of these perceptions. Őnday (2018) held that the study of organization developed during the early 90s. In attempts to respond to the high rationality of contemporary life, Weber (1968) argues that early scholars emphasized the legitimate rational rules and policies that govern organizations. From a rational view, organizations represent collectivities that often seek to pursue specific goals. These organizations also demonstrate relatively high and formalized structures.
TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIAL 3According to Scott and Davis (2015), rational thinkers stress the formalization of organizations and how they specify their goals. Some of the rational systems philosophies studied by diverse theorists included administrative, decision-making, and bureaucratic theories. By a large degree, scientific management, as a science, assumes a rational approach to organizations. This view, developed by Taylor (1911), measured and created more effective work regulations using formal mechanisms. Likewise, using case studies, Taylor (1911) determined that productivity could be optimized by managing and controlling the production process. He proposed that firms ought to utilize scientific control as opposed to following regular managerial doctrines. For him, scientific