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SYSTEMS OF ORGANIZATIONS1Rational, Natural, and Open Systems of OrganizationsDavid P. LyonsSchool of Business, Liberty UniversityAuthor NoteDavid P. LyonsI have no known conflict of interest to disclose.Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to David P. LyonsEmail: [email protected]
SYSTEMS OF ORGANIZATIONS2Rational, Natural, and Open Systems of OrganizationsAbstractOrganizations tend to adopt three major theoretical perspectives that form the basis oftheir systems. The three include the open, rational and the closed systems (Scott and Davis,2015). There is the crucial need to ensure one can understand these perspectives to understandhow the organizations operate. The three perspectives are a representation of the scientificdevelopment of the organizations. However, they tend to have a focus on certain organizationalaspects making the modern organization system be a blend of the three major perspectives.Based on organizational science that was formulated in the early 20th century there has been anemergence of rational, open and natural system theorists that explain the functioning of theorganizations. These three perspectives have since been adopted by organizations in theirfunctions.RationalThe rational system says that organizations are instruments created to achieve certaingoals (Scott and Davis, 2015). The goals have to be clear and specific and are attained by rationalcalculation, and clearly specified limits. Organizations also have to include a high degree offormalization where rules are set up for governing organizational behavior and formal structureis present. A formal structure defines the roles of each organizational member and what tasksthey have to perform.Kopytova (2016) examined the rational system of organizations and the ability to resolvea number of important issues. This article presents an algorithm of introduction of a rationalsystem of incentives. The algorithm of introduction of a rational system of stimulation consistsof multiple stages. Each stage is designed to solve their own problems. Phased implementation
SYSTEMS OF ORGANIZATIONS3procedures of a rational system of incentives can facilitate an easy transition of the organization.The transition to the new rational system can have an effect on every employee. The authorconcluded it would be detrimental to carry out the implementation of this change withoutdisruption to personnel. Furthermore, the implementation of this procedure will enable theleaders of firms to have a mechanism of influence on labor exercises of the employee. Theemployee, in turn, will obtain a transparent planning device of their very own. All of thisincreases the efficiency and the effectiveness of the company and impacts the monetarywellbeing of staff.