IRLS210 progress assignment.doc - IRLS210 1 The article...

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IRLS210 1. The article Western International Law and China's Confucianism in the 19th Century. Collision and Integration focus on the Confucian world view that china operated on and how the western world, more specifically Europe, imposed international law onto them (Zewei, 2011). Before its forced change, China's system revolved around its culture and historical development and not a diplomatic foundation guided on sovereign equality rules. China's way of operating was an unbalanced bond with self- preservation at the forefront. Europe operated under the form of equality, emphasizing sovereign equality. However, it was an "expanding" system – which the law of the jungle prevailed in the relationship with non-Christian states (Zewei, 2011). In 1842 after the Opium Wars, a Treaty between Britain and China developed into numerous one-sided treaties, which destabilized the Confucian world order and created a "new system in international relations," which will ultimately be known as the Unequal Treaty Regime (Zewei, 2011). Additionally, during the mid-19th century, the Qing government was pushed to compromise and conform to Western operating ways. This plan ended up eventually

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