february 27 2012

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Unformatted text preview: . 31 Last printed 9/4/2009 7:00:00 PM Oil DDW 2012 1 (*** ONLY IF NOT READ IN 1AC) 32 Oil DDW 2012 1 High Speed Rail implementation results in decreased fuel usage and surplus Calthorpe 2-27 (Peter, author of "Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change" and a principal at the planning firm Calthorpe Associates in Berkeley, Calif., February 27, 2012, http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2012/01/26/does-california-need-high-speedrail/high-speed-rail-is-a-catalyst-for-better-development) In a development future built around high-speed rail and enhanced local transit, average vehicle miles traveled per household would be reduced 40 percent, the equivalent of taking 18.6 million cars off the road. New highway construction would be reduced by 4,700 lane miles, saving around $400 billion. This type of development means less air pollution, fewer respiratory diseases, less water consumption, efficient local infrastructure and lower costs to local governments. California would consume 300 billion fewer gallons of fuel over the next 40 years. When these savings are combined with other transportation and energy savings, households would save close to $11,000 per year. More compact communities require 67 percent less land — saving prime farmland in the Central Valley and key open space in coastal regions. 33 Last printed 9/4/2009 7:00:00 PM Oil DDW 2012 1 Link – Hydrogen 34 Oil DDW 2012 1 Hydrogen puts a ceiling on the price of oil Sobrino, Professor at ICADE BUSINESS SCHOOL, et al, 10 Fernando Hernandez Sobrino, Professor at ICADE BUSINESS SCHOOL, et al., Carlos Rodrı ´guez Monroy, Jose´ Luı´s Herna´ndez Pe´rez, 10, [“Critical analysis on hydrogen as an alternative to fossil fuels and biofuels for vehicles in Europe,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 14 (2010) 772–780, www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032109002524] E. Liu Biofuels and/or hydrogen could constrain the growth of petroleum prices, because biofuels are a backstop technology. If petroleum prices increase too rapidly, then society will substitute petroleum by biofuels. If biofuel prices increase too rapidly, then farmers expand their production of energy crops, causing a drop in price on the biofuel’s market [20]. 35 Last printed 9/4/2009 7:00:00 PM Oil DDW 2012 1 Link – Alternative Transport Fuels 36 Oil DDW 2012 1 Transportation is a huge and growing portion of oil demand now – Alternatives interrupt this Difiglio, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy Analysis in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Gielen, Senior Energy Analyst working for the International Energy Agency in Paris, 12 Carmen Difiglio, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy Analysis in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Dolf Gielen, Senior Energy Analyst working for the International Energy Agency in Paris in the Energy Technology Policy Division, [“Hydrogen and transportation: alternative scenarios,” Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change Volume 12, Number 3 (2007), 387-405, http://www.springerlink.com/content/76081311x77421j7/] E. Liu T...
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2013 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Burke during the Spring '13 term at Southern Arkansas University.

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