261 last printed 942009 70000 pm oil ddw 2012 1 us

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Unformatted text preview: y the region and thus must ensure their security themselves’, Chinese President Hu Jintao declared at the time, a clear signal that the United States was not needed – and not wanted – in the region.6 These concerns also appear to be guiding the military planning of the two countries. In February 2007, for example, the United States announced the establishment of a new headquarters organisation to oversee US forces operating in Africa, the US Africa Command or AFRICOM. Although not publicly citing Chinese military involvement in the region as a motive for creation of the new command, Department of Defense officials have acknowledged privately that this is a factor. In a PowerPoint presentation at the National Defense University in February, AFRICOM’s deputy commander, Vice-Admiral Robert Moeller, indicated that among the key challenges to US strategic interests in the region is China’s ‘growing influence in Africa’.7 For its part, China’s growing military assertiveness is perhaps best reflected in the expansion of its deep-sea naval capabilities and its more conspicuous military role in the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation – a point noted by Elhefnawy. In the exercises last summer, for example, Chinese airborne forces engaged in military manoeuvres outside Chinese territory for the first time ever. These endeavours are likely to gain momentum in the years ahead as both China and the United States become ever more dependent on the oil reserves of Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia and as their competitive drive for access to what remains of these supplies intensifies. It is conceivable that such efforts will lead, in time, to an unintended clash between American and Chinese forces, provoking an international crisis and possibly war. Certainly, at present, with the leaders of all great powers grimly aware of the risks of a major inter-state conflict, the probability of such a confrontation has to be considered very low. This does not mean, however, that US and Chinese leaders are not prepared to devote enormous resources to preparation for such an eventuality. In fact, both countries have recently announced significant increases in military spending with heavy emphasis on the sort of forces – advanced air, naval and missile capabilities – one would anticipate using in a future engagement between them. In US budget justifications, moreover, China (that is, a better-equipped and more menacing China of the future) is often cited as a likely future adversary of the United States. One assumes that Chinese budget documents make similar assumptions about the United States, but these are not normally made public. 261 Last printed 9/4/2009 7:00:00 PM Oil DDW 2012 1 US-China War Turns Warming 262 Oil DDW 2012 1 US-China tensions shifts attention and resources that are key to solving warming Klare, Professor of Peace and World Security Studies at Hampshire College, 08 Michael T. Klare, Professor of Peace and World Security Studies at Hampshire College, 4/5-08, [“Th...
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2013 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Burke during the Spring '13 term at Southern Arkansas University.

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