44 oil ddw 2012 1 transportation key 45 last printed

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Unformatted text preview: s share in primary energy dropped from 46.1 to 33.2 per cent. Oil use for electricity generation dropped from 24.7 per cent per cent in 1973 to a mere 5.5 per cent in 2008. Considerable substitution of oil through natural gas in the heating sector occurred in the advanced economies. Today, global oil intensity is only half the level of the early 70s. Only oil use in the transport sector maintained its role as ‘nonsubstitutable’ fuel (IEA, 2010b,c). 44 Oil DDW 2012 1 Transportation Key 45 Last printed 9/4/2009 7:00:00 PM Oil DDW 2012 1 Transportation is a large portion of oil consumption – It supports high prices Puentes, Fellow and Director, Metropolitan Infrastructure Initiative Brookings Institution, 08 Robert Puentes, Fellow and Director, Metropolitan Infrastructure Initiative Brookings Institution, 9-9-08, [“Strengthening the Ability of Public Transportation to Reduce Our Dependence on Foreign Oil,” Congressional Testimony, www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/testimony/2008/9/09%2520transportation%2520puentes/0909_transportation_puentes.pdf] E. Liu The U.S. transportation system today consumes 70 percent of the nation's oil and is almost entirely dependent upon petroleum-based fuels.2 This demand is contributing, in part, to the global rise in the price of oil and the major hit on Americans' pocketbooks. Yet we do not come close to producing the oil we consume and that figure is declining over time, decreasing 17.0 percent since 2000.3 Only one-quarter of the crude oil consumed in the U.S. is domestically produced. Twice as much is imported and the majority of that from countries considered to be in danger of "state failure" based on a range of social, economic, and political factors.4 In addition, the transportation sector is responsible for one-third of the nation's carbon emissions and the U.S. continues to rank first among major world economies in per-capita carbon dioxide emissions, roughly double the rate of the United Kingdom and Germany.5 A recent Brookings study found that the density of land use patterns in metropolitan areas and transit availability play an important role in determining energy consumption, travel behavior and carbon emissions in our major economic centers.6 With the right policies in place, denser, walkable, and transit-friendly communities can help reduce vehicle miles traveled (VMT) and therefore help create more affordable and energy-efficient travel options for Americans. 46 Oil DDW 2012 1 Magnifier 47 Last printed 9/4/2009 7:00:00 PM Oil DDW 2012 1 Efficient transportation is linked to smart developments – These greatly reduce consumption Pica, Friends of the Earth President, 10 Erich Pica, Friends of the Earth President, 5-12-10, [“Embrace a can-do attitude,” National Journal, http://energy.nationaljournal.com/2010/05/how-can-the-us-wean-itself-off.php] E. Liu More than three out of every five barrels of oil the United States consumes go towards transportation. The process of weaning ourselve...
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