And yet the united states is still early in making

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Unformatted text preview: usses with respect to environmental problems, unilateral efforts to mitigate the threat may be canceled out by other states that continue to worsen the problem through their own individual behaviors, a problem underscored by the concern, for instance, that efforts by Western states to address climate change will not succeed much if there is a sharp rise in pollutants from industrializing states.29 283 Last printed 9/4/2009 7:00:00 PM Oil DDW 2012 1 Can’s Solve Oil – Vehicles 284 Oil DDW 2012 1 Chinese vehicle demand make oil consumption inevitable Yetiv, University Professor of Political Science and International Studies at Old Dominion University and Fowler 11 Steve A. Yetiv, University Professor of Political Science and International Studies at Old Dominion University and Eric S. Fowler, doctoral candidate in International Studies at Old Dominion University, 11, [“The Challenges of Decreasing Oil Consumption,” Political Science Quarterly Volume 126 Number 2 2011,] E. Liu The value of hybrid-like efficiency, represented by vehicles that obtain and will increasingly be able to attain well over 45 miles per gallon (mpg), is well appreciated in some quarters, but heretofore we have not understood well how much can be gained by moving toward such efficiency. Such calculations are complicated by the fact that the potenti al gains of moving the American fleet toward hybrid-like efficiency are dependent, in part, on the potential energy actions of other countries. We seek to fill this gap. Precise quantification is not possible, given the complexity of the question; our data crunching strongly shows that a move toward greater hybrid-like efficiency in the American automobile fleet could produce major results but will not stop the global trend toward greater oil consumption. In fact, even if the United States achieves greater hybrid-like fuel efficiency, which is vital and challenging in its own right, its gains from such action eventually will be sapped due to the increasing oil consumption of industrializing countries , unless they also take major action. This is clear in the case of focus here: China, a country that has taken oil dependence seriously but whose consumers are still repeating the mistakes of the industrializing West by buying far less-efficient vehicles than they could buy. While it is hardly an epiphany to note that industrialization in China may stress global oil resources, and while much good work has addressed this topic,7we seek to offer a technical analysis of this problem. The potential for a dynamic akin to “the tragedy of the commons” is quite real in that even if one state—the worldʼs biggest oil consumer—takes serious action to decrease its oil consumption, failure by other states to do the same may generate dangerous consequences. And yet, the United States is still early in making such a commitment. The stakes are high because America and China lie at the very crux of the future of global oil on the c...
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2013 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Burke during the Spring '13 term at Southern Arkansas University.

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