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personal car. Improvements in our nation’s rail system to allow more freight to be shifted from truck to rail. Increasing gas
taxes slowly and predictably over time to both fund the above improvements, and to signal to consumers that they need to
prepare for long term higher prices by purchasing more efficient vehicles and changing where they live so that they have
the ability to reduce their driving. The use of road congestion pricing, pay as you drive insurance, and other price signals
that give people the right market signals and enhance the most efficient use of our nation’s roadways. Encouraging the
electrification of transport (including the alternative transport options mentioned above) to provide transport options which
are not dependent on oil. In short, we need to make the market for transportation services more efficient by encouraging
new entrants (mass transit, bikes, trains) and competition with the incumbent car/internal combustion engine infrastructure.
Competition within the car infrastructure should also be encouraged by sending price signals such as the slowly and
predictably increasing gas tax mentioned above to better reflect the dangers to our economy posed by the new oil market
regime. 6 Oil DDW 2012 1
Saudi 1NC 7
Last printed 9/4/2009 7:00:00 PM Oil DDW 2012 1 US-Saudi relations decline causes Saudi prolif – Iran makes it very probable
Amlin, Monterey Institute of International Studies, 08
Kate Amlin, Monterey Institute of International Studies, 8-1-08, [“Will Saudi Arabia Acquire Nuclear Weapons?,” NTI,
www.nti.org/analysis/articles/will-saudi-acquire-nuclear-weapons/] E. Liu
Another potential motivation for Saudi proliferation is the souring of U.S.-Saudi relations , especially when such a scenario
is combined with Iran's development of a nuclear arsenal. Saudi Arabia has long been a critical U.S. ally in the Middle East,
and the countries share an interest in containing militant Middle Eastern regimes such as Iran and maintaining the export of
Saudi oil supplies to the rest of the world. The Saudis currently rely on the United States for security assurances, and
would expect the United States to defend them from a regional aggressor. Yet, Riyadh has reservations about the nature of
U.S. support, and worries that a divergence in national interests would prevent the United States from fully protecting Saudi
Arabia in a future crisis. In a notable example of this concern, U.S. President Jimmy Carter sent F-15 fighter aircraft to
the Persian Gulf to protect the Saudis when war broke out between Iran and Iraq in 1980. However, Carter demonstrated
that U.S. support for the Saudi kingdom had its limits when he announced that the aircraft were sent to the Gulf unarmed.
 More recently, in 2003, the U.S. government reduced the number of forces that it had stationed in Saudi Arabia from
5,000 to 400 troops. Worry that the United States would provide similarly weak support for their Kingdom in a future
crisis, for instance if Iran invaded, may drive Saudi Arabia to build a nuclear arsenal to deter...
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2013 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Burke during the Spring '13 term at Southern Arkansas University.
- Spring '13
- The American