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Unformatted text preview: d cut its oil exports
to countries that supported Israel during the Second Intifada in the Occupied Territories. Iran also called for an oil boycott
to place pressure on Western consumer countries. The main target of Iraq and Iran was the United States. The Saudis
reacted to these moves by their fellow OPEC members by raising production rates to compensate for Iraq’s cuts and issued
a statement that oil was not a political weapon (Cordesman, 2003). 259
Last printed 9/4/2009 7:00:00 PM Oil DDW 2012 1 Bad – China War 260 Oil DDW 2012 1 Oil dependence causes preparations and flashpoints for US-China war
Klare, Professor of Peace and World Security Studies at Hampshire College, 08
Michael T. Klare, Professor of Peace and World Security Studies at Hampshire College, 4/5-08, [“The Impending Oil Shock: An
Exchange,” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy, 50:4, 61-82, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00396330802329048] E.
The greater danger, however, is that this will lead to increased friction between the United States and China. This will arise as leaders
of both countries perceive the respective arms diplomacy of their rival as a threat to their own national-security interests. This
perception has, in fact, already begun to take root. Recent editions of the Military Power of the People’s Republic of China, an annual
report prepared by the US Department of Defense, have warned of growing Chinese military ties with key energy and mineral
producers in the developing world. ‘Securing adequate supplies of resources and materials has become a major driver of Chinese
foreign policy’, the 2006 edition noted, an impulse that has led Beijing to shower favoured suppliers like Angola, Sudan and
Zimbabwe with arms and military technology.5 Chinese officials appear to harbour similar concerns about the United States. In
particular, Beijing worries about US efforts to establish military ties with the former Soviet republics of Central Asia. These ties were
first established during the Bill Clinton administration, when US oil companies acquired substantial production rights in Kazakhstan
and pursued similar rights in Turkmenistan. Concerned over the unsettled security environment in the Caspian Sea basin and the risks
this posed to the safe transport of Caspian energy, President Clinton oversaw the initiation of US militaryaid agreements with
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. Following the 11 September terrorist attacks, President George W. Bush built on these
relationships to establish US bases in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, further expanding the US military presence in the area. Now
Beijing, working in concert with Moscow and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), seeks to reverse this trend and diminish
the US presence in the region. In the most conspicuous expression of this outlook to date, Chinese forces participated last summer in
elaborate multilateral military manoeuvres intended to demonstrate the organisation’s self reliance. ‘The SCO nations have a clear
understanding of the threats faced b...
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2013 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Burke during the Spring '13 term at Southern Arkansas University.
- Spring '13
- The American, Saudi Arabia, Peak oil, Nuclear weapon, Oil prices