Now beijing working in concert with moscow and the

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Unformatted text preview: d cut its oil exports to countries that supported Israel during the Second Intifada in the Occupied Territories. Iran also called for an oil boycott to place pressure on Western consumer countries. The main target of Iraq and Iran was the United States. The Saudis reacted to these moves by their fellow OPEC members by raising production rates to compensate for Iraq’s cuts and issued a statement that oil was not a political weapon (Cordesman, 2003). 259 Last printed 9/4/2009 7:00:00 PM Oil DDW 2012 1 Bad – China War 260 Oil DDW 2012 1 Oil dependence causes preparations and flashpoints for US-China war Klare, Professor of Peace and World Security Studies at Hampshire College, 08 Michael T. Klare, Professor of Peace and World Security Studies at Hampshire College, 4/5-08, [“The Impending Oil Shock: An Exchange,” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy, 50:4, 61-82, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00396330802329048] E. Liu The greater danger, however, is that this will lead to increased friction between the United States and China. This will arise as leaders of both countries perceive the respective arms diplomacy of their rival as a threat to their own national-security interests. This perception has, in fact, already begun to take root. Recent editions of the Military Power of the People’s Republic of China, an annual report prepared by the US Department of Defense, have warned of growing Chinese military ties with key energy and mineral producers in the developing world. ‘Securing adequate supplies of resources and materials has become a major driver of Chinese foreign policy’, the 2006 edition noted, an impulse that has led Beijing to shower favoured suppliers like Angola, Sudan and Zimbabwe with arms and military technology.5 Chinese officials appear to harbour similar concerns about the United States. In particular, Beijing worries about US efforts to establish military ties with the former Soviet republics of Central Asia. These ties were first established during the Bill Clinton administration, when US oil companies acquired substantial production rights in Kazakhstan and pursued similar rights in Turkmenistan. Concerned over the unsettled security environment in the Caspian Sea basin and the risks this posed to the safe transport of Caspian energy, President Clinton oversaw the initiation of US militaryaid agreements with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. Following the 11 September terrorist attacks, President George W. Bush built on these relationships to establish US bases in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, further expanding the US military presence in the area. Now Beijing, working in concert with Moscow and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), seeks to reverse this trend and diminish the US presence in the region. In the most conspicuous expression of this outlook to date, Chinese forces participated last summer in elaborate multilateral military manoeuvres intended to demonstrate the organisation’s self reliance. ‘The SCO nations have a clear understanding of the threats faced b...
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2013 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Burke during the Spring '13 term at Southern Arkansas University.

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