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lecture 30 - all Oxus sites like this • outer wall middle...

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Lecture 11/30/2006: The BMAC Soviet archaeology excavated widely but not deeply central Asian sites: just as large as sites on Iranian plateau o different metallurgy and technology o NO writing Oxus Civilization (BMAC) o Namaga depe = type site for Central Asia Bronze Age V. Sarianidi’s hypothesis: o BMAC spoke Indo-Iranian o were “proto-Zoroastrians” o archaeological culture reflected in sacred books of Aryans Avesta and Rigveda o C.C.L.K. claims there is no evidence for this Sarianidi also: o excavated Gonur depe 2100-1700 BC these settlements are heavily fortified central area that looked like a castle
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Unformatted text preview: all Oxus sites like this • outer wall, middle wall, inner wall, “castle” o made models to show pastoral nomads as a nuisance to other societies don’t contribute to other civilizations BUT pottery in steppes found in these civilizations can only come from nomads! • had seals used in same ways as Mesopotamia (cylinders and stamps) • bullae appear 2000 BC derived from Mesopotamia • various scultputes (large and small) o ~12 known of that are the same form of a woman • probably organized into khanates, not states...
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