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Unformatted text preview: CH 3 pgs124-138 THE EGYPTIAN CIVILIZATION Formation: Little archaeological evidence exists about Egypt before 3000 BC, but conservation before construction at the Aswan Dam revealed a sequence uninterrupted from the Paleolithic to the Mesolithic (30,000 to 10,000 BC) cattle and seed grasses domesticated in the Sudan 5000BC hunting and gathering were adequate until after 5000BC along the Nile itself Egyptian farming and husbandry were learned by diffusion from the Levant The pharaonic state appears around the end of the 4 th millennium BC Karl Wittfogels irrigation hypothesis was once thought to explain the rise of the Egyptian state, but the record implies that irrigation along the Nile was a local responsibility. Extensive trade routes may have contributed to the formation of the Egyptian State to govern trade. Wolfgang Helck believed that trade was in fact limited and that Egyptian cities werent true cities like those in Mesopotamia. This view of Egypt as a collection of villages has long been held and only recently challenged. The archaeological record shows that Predynastic Egypt had small settlements, but by the First Dynasty they had nucleated to larger cities.the First Dynasty they had nucleated to larger cities....
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC-ANAL 50 taught by Professor Lamberg-karlovsky during the Fall '06 term at Harvard.
- Fall '06