14:53[November 6, 2012]Wynne-EdwardsAnimal Dispersion in Relation to Social BehaviorDescribed range of behaviors and interpreted these in the context of how animals regulate their population. How is it that animals don’t overextend themselves and use up the resources, thus go extinct?Animals self-regulate; they keep themselves in check. Do this in variety of behaviors. Case for “group selection” – selfish group would go extinct, whereas altruists will survive. Territoriality, dominance hierarchies, and grouping in large flocks were devices for the control of population size. Epideictic behavior – displayed behavior. Not arguing that this was a conscious choice arguing that selections shaped animals. - Starlings flocking behaviors of birds (epideictic behavior)- George C Williams: Adaptation and Natural SelectionArgued against the idea of group selection- Level of selection: A. individuals, B. kin, and C. group selectionC: Numbers aren’t the issue. You got a collection of individuals, to a social unit, to a larger population. A selfish population would go extinct, those that conserve and cooperate will survive. B: kin units - relatives of one another. Black wolves closely related and spotted wolves closely related. One type was not as cooperative, thus selection operates. A: Unit of survival – individual. - Richard Dawkinsselection operates on genes, not individuals – the individual is the embodiment of the selection of thousands of selfish genes, each trying to perpetuate itself.Think that gene never survives on its own. Unit of survival is the organism, not the genes! Said Gouzoules.