terms harappa to maiden and caste

terms harappa to maiden and caste - The Indus Civilization...

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The Indus Civilization: The Case for Caste Formation (C.C. Lamberg-Karlovsky) Indus Civilization- very standardized material culture and culturally homogenous over a large region, but unsure of the existence of a centralized political force What norms were in place that kept the production of crafts so standardized? ******Main point- author thinks that Indus civilization was an early example of a society based on caste system!****** Indus urbanization was a period of cultural integration and wide distribution, complex development of writing and town planning, construction of sewage system, platforms, street systems based on grids, standardized weights and measurements, crafts and artistic styles that shared common technologies over a wide geographical area, common motifs, like the unicorn on seals(identical representation throughout the Indus Valley) Social Structure? Must have had an exceptional social organizational system: Indus was not egalitarian Hereditary, kin-based alliances- this could account for standardization and uniformity passed down between tribes, probably not because the standardization is throughout the entire Valley, not clusters consisted with kin-based social control More inclusive systems (Castes)- several lineages would have been in a single caste, Indus elite?, would have explained the similarities in material culture *Indus Civilization most likely has roots with beginning caste systems Caste System- kinship, descent-group structure, every aspect is regulated by kin (occupation, marriage, residence, etc) Evidence suggesting caste system existed in the Indus: Standardization of craft production, production embedded in kin relations would restrain competition and innovation, consistent with findings in Indus cities Expansionism- importance of continuing lineages Ritual importance of pollution and purity is seen in early Indian history as well Grid planning of towns- could have been implemented by socially determined
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terms harappa to maiden and caste - The Indus Civilization...

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