Hiebert article

Hiebert article - Hiebert Trends and Traditions in Central...

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Hiebert: Trends and Traditions in Central Asian Culture History. DL: Description of settlements in Central Asia that later evolved into the BMAC. Author argues that the BMAC does not fit into the normal state-tribe-empire descriptions. Many explanations have been proposed for the widespread distribution of Bronze Age oasis settlements in Margiana and Bactria. Reevaluation of the sequence using the new data from Margiana does not support any of these suggestions. I suggest colonization from the urban states of the Kopet Dag foothill plain followed by the local development of the BMAC culture in Margiana and Bactria. [From conclusion] “The developmentof the BMAC was not due to a shift in the settlement, technology, or adaptation, and it is not possible to suggest a role for outside influencese. Rather, I see a two stage development: first is a revolution in settlement and architecture and the establishment of a successful farming and herding adaptation in the Namazga V colony from the foothills; second is the development of an independent culture and its spread to other deltaic fans in the desert region, notably in northern and southern Bactria. Finally, a notable aspect of the Margiana oasis culture is its expansive nature, as seen in the BMAC, possibly due to its quest for raw materials. Chronology: Often the main changes in ceramic designs do not correspond with important cultural changes documented from other aspects of the material culture. In fact, four pivotal transition points in the chronology of Cent. Asia occur in the middle of ceramic periods. The Central Asia pattern occurs during Namazga III; wide-scale shifts in society. Namazga IV: change toward craft specialization, social hierarchy, regional integration, and monumental architecture. Namazga V: development of urbanism and colonization of Margiana Namazga VI: development of the Bactrian-Margiana Archaeological Complex. Establishment of the Central Asian Pattern o N-III&IV: first distinct CA symbols appear; found on administrative and elite objects – perhaps related to increased interregional interaction with cultures in Iran and S. Asia. o
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC-ANAL 50 taught by Professor Lamberg-karlovsky during the Fall '06 term at Harvard.

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Hiebert article - Hiebert Trends and Traditions in Central...

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