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The Apology Lecture 1
Opening Defense Socrates asks the jurors to listen to what he has to say without interruption. This is his first time in the law court and he does not speak in the same kind of language as the lawyers do. Attention should be concentrated on “whether what I say is just or not…” There are two sets of accusers according to Socrates: those who accuse him now and those who accused him when the jurors were still children.
Aristophanes’ Socrates Socrates fears the accusations of Aristophanes more than those of Anytus and Meletus. When the jurors were still children, they learned that Socrates was a sophist, “a student of all things in the sky and below the earth, who makes the worse argument the stronger.” This sophistic version of Socrates can be found in Aristophanes’ The Clouds . These accusations are the most difficult to deal with, since “one cannot bring one of them {the older accusers} to court…one must simply fight with shadows.”
The Sophists Socrates is only given a short amount of time to refute these slanders. Socrates insists he has no part in the image of Aristophanes, and no one who has heard Socrates conversing could accuse him of being interested in the natural sciences, or getting involved in sophistic tricks.

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