The_Chemistry_of_Acids_and_Bases_SUMMARY_-_PART_1.pdf - The...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 8 pages.

1The Chemistry of Acids and BasesPART 1"ACID"--Latin word acidus, meaning sour. (lemon)"ALKALI"--Arabic word for the ashes that come from burning certain plants;water solutions feel slippery and taste bitter. (soap)Acids and bases are extremely important in many everyday applications: our own bloodstream, ourenvironment, cleaning materials, and industry. (Sulfuric acid is an economic indicator!)ACID-BASE THEORIESARRHENIUS DEFINITIONacid--donates a hydrogen ion (H+) in waterbase--donates a hydroxide ion in water (OH)This theory was limited because ;1- It applies only for aqueous solutions.2- Allows only foe one kind of basethe hydroxide ion (ammonia is a MAJOR exception!)BRONSTED-LOWRY DEFINITIONacid--donates a proton in waterbase--accepts a proton in waterThis theory is better; it explains ammonia as a base! This is the main theory that we will use for ouracid/base discussion.LEWIS DEFINITIONacid--accepts an electron pairbase--donates an electron pairThis theory explainsalltraditional acids and bases plus a host of coordination compounds and is used

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 8 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
AmyGrinsteiner
Tags
pH, Acids, Chemistry of Acids and Bases

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture