Lecture 3 - Changes in complexity and domestication:...

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Changes in complexity and domestication: Lecture 3. 26/9/06 Carbon dating, pollen cores. Cereals have rackis-silica envelope. Wild species= thin and brittle; domesticated variety=hard and stays on seed because cultivators just harvested the hard type cuz the others fell to the ground. Easier to pick off the stem then pick off the ground. 12-14000 BP; Early Natufian period. Geologically, the Bolling. Entirely hunting and gathering. Favourable climate - wet and optimum temp. yet all hunters and gatherers! Late Natufian. Younger Dryas. Israel and Jordan. Colder and harsher. Earliest arch evidence for domestication of plants, under climatic pressure. Retreat to oasis refuges. Localized populations, 8 to 9 months a year, seasonally. Earliest Domesticate = barley, 9800BC. Onset of human harnessing of nature to suit our needs. Irreversible process! Still however, hunted and relied on wild animals. 8500 BC, domesticated animals from the north (eg. Zagros mnts.) arrive in Israel
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC-ANAL 50 taught by Professor Lamberg-karlovsky during the Fall '06 term at Harvard.

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