Comparative Matrix (Rules on Evidence).docx - COMPARATIVE MATRIX REVISED RULES ON EVIDENCE A.M No-SC RULE 128 General Provisions RULE 128 General

Comparative Matrix (Rules on Evidence).docx - COMPARATIVE...

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COMPARATIVE MATRIX REVISED RULES ON EVIDENCE A.M. No. 19-08-15-SC RULE 128 General Provisions RULE 128 General Provisions Section 1. Evidence defined . — Evidence is the means, sanctioned by these rules, of ascertaining in a judicial proceeding the truth respecting a matter of fact. (1) Section 2. Scope . — The rules of evidence shall be the same in all courts and in all trials and hearings, except as otherwise provided by law or these rules. (2a) Section 3. Admissibility of evidence . — Evidence is admissible when it is relevant to the issue and is not excluded by the law of these rules. (3a) Sec. 3. Admissibility of evidence. — Evidence is admissible when it is relevant to the issue and not excluded by the Constitution , the law or these Rules. (3a) Section 4. Relevancy ; collateral matters . — Evidence must have such a relation to the fact in issue as to induce belief in its existence or non- existence. Evidence on collateral matters shall not be allowed, except when it tends in any reasonable degree to establish the probability or improbability of the fact in issue. (4a) 1
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COMPARATIVE MATRIX REVISED RULES ON EVIDENCE A.M. No. 19-08-15-SC RULE 129 What Need Not Be Proved RULE 129 WHAT NEED NOT BE PROVED Section 1. Judicial notice, when mandatory . — A court shall take judicial notice, without the introduction of evidence, of the existence and territorial extent of states, their political history, forms of government and symbols of nationality, the law of nations, the admiralty and maritime courts of the world and their seals, the political constitution and history of the Philippines, the official acts of legislative, executive and judicial departments of the Philippines, the laws of nature, the measure of time, and the geographical divisions. (1a) Sec. 1. Judicial notice, when mandatory. - A court shall take judicial notice, without the introduction of evidence, of the existence and territorial extent of states, their political history, forms of government and symbols of nationality, the law of nations, the admiralty and maritime courts of the world and their seals, the political constitution and history of the Philippines, official acts of the legislative, executive and judicial departments of the National Government of the Philippines, the laws of nature, the measure of time, and the geographical divisions. (la) Section 2. Judicial notice, when discretionary . — A court may take judicial notice of matters which are of public knowledge, or are capable to unquestionable demonstration, or ought to be known to judges because of their judicial functions. (1a) Section 3. Judicial notice, when hearing necessary . — During the trial, the court, on its own initiative, or on request of a party, may announce its intention to take judicial notice of any matter and allow the parties to be heard Sec. 3. Judicial notice, when hearing necessary. — During the pre-trial and the trial, the court, motu proprio or upon motion, shall hear the parties on the propriety of taking judicial notice of any matter.
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