lecture 11 - Lecture 11 SA 50 October 24 2006 Lecture notes...

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Lecture 11 SA 50 October 24 2006 Lecture notes on Moche by Quilter The sources of knowledge about the Moche: - accounts by the Spanish - archaeology The Andean Civilization was born along the coast of southern Peru where parallel river valleys run to the Pacific. Andes conform to the hydraulic civilization model of Wittfogel. The chronology of Andean Civilizations can be divided into horizons (periods of unity across vast geographic areas) and intermediate periods (rise of local cultures). Moche civilization existed during Early Intermediate Period (about 100 AD - 650 AD). Moche culture was named after the Moche River Valley. Huacas – hallmark of Moche, large adobe mounds the most famous are the Huaca del Sol (finds of food residues suggested it was an administrative headquarter) and Huaca de la Luna (religious imagery suggested the presence of a religious shrine and the seat of a theocratic ruler) An urban complex existed in between the two huacas. Moche ceramics – very distinct ceramic style, termed corporate style by Moseley (who intended to indicate that ceramic production was a corporate activity, “corporate style – rulers directing the production of ceramics and other art and the dissemination of the ideology contained in the images placed on them” Quilter quoting Moseley 1992), consistently present in the valleys all along the coast, followed by huaca architecture Moche has once been described as New World’s First State (subject to debate because one river valley up from the Moche Valley there is a culture with huacas but with a completely different ceramic style, which poses the question of how Moche could have been an empire if they failed to culturally dominate a valley 2 miles away) Irrigation developed along the Jequetepeque river valley. Wall on top of hills paralleled the irrigation regimes. Quantities of sling stones were found on those hills. The political units in the Valley could have fought each other at some point. San Jose de Morro – Moche burial site which could have been a ceremonial center, composed of a small mound, virtually defenseless because there were no walls around it, with finds of numerous big pots for making chicha beer (corn beer) used in ceremonial feasting. It could have been a regional ceremonial center outside of control of political units, which did not own it but went there for pilgrimages or negotiated alliances. 1
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Lecture 11 Article notes - Quilter, J. (2002). Moche Politics, Religion and Warfare p. 145- 161 INTRODUCTION Moche archaeology is similar to Maya archaeology because of the captivating artistic style, hallmark monumental structures (pyramids for Maya and huacas for Moche) and the connection to “Mother Culture” - pristine, first culture in a region (Olmec culture for Maya and Chavin culture for Moche). Unlike the Maya, Moche culture did not develop
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lecture 11 - Lecture 11 SA 50 October 24 2006 Lecture notes...

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