History Notes

History Notes - "Omnia mutarntur Nihil interit Everything...

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“Omnia mutarntur, Nihil interit” Everything changes, nothing is truly lost. What is Civilization? : Mass consumption of resources S.C.O.P.S S ize – Must be vast C omplexity – More that one element to it O rganization – Has to be set up to survive P ersistence – Has to be around for multiple generations S pecialization – Has to be divided into specialties Hunter-gatherer sedentary agriculture urbanization Stone Age Gardening The first civilization: 1. Mesopotamia (3500 B.C.E.) “ Ur” 2. Egypt (3200 B.C.E.) “Abdu Simel” Terms: City: any human settlement, permanent [ static ], where most people do not make a living with agriculture. Fertile Crescent: Area between the Tigris and Euphrates River. Elites: occupying the highest levels of the social hierarchy. Hist 101 Page# 1
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Pelopomerian War (431-404 B.C.E.) 1. Athens and Delian League V.S. Sparta and Allies Greek Philosophy: 1. Socrates (470-399 B.C.E.) a. know thy self” 2. Plato (428-347 B.C.E.) Student of Socrates a. Platonic forms 3. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E) a. Observation b. Reason in the distinctive human quality intelligence, above all, is man” Terms: Greek Philosophy: Being a good Greek Philosopher meant, for the most part, that you won a lot of arguments. Sophis: Teachers of Rhetoric Hist 101 Page# 2
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Alexander the great of Macedonia ( North of Greek City-states ) (356-323 B.C.E) - Puts together an enormous army - Takes over: Asia Minor Egypt Middle East Persia Pakistan Indus River valley. - 331 B.C.E. Alexander seeks revenge for his father and kills Darius III - Towards the end of his life Alexander had begun to go a little bit crazy - 323 B.C.E Alexander dies from disease. - Alexander’s Kingdom becomes the “Hellenistic Kingdoms” Macedonia- - Led by Phillip II, Warrior King - Phillip II, father of Alexander the Great - Phillip II is murdered, Alexander takes over 338 B.C.E. – Greek City-States lose independence. Darius III, Persian Emperor. – - Bribed aristocratic rival of Phillip II, had him kill Phillip II Misc: - Greek way of being = Persian Politics + Greek Culture i. Run by “Greekified” elites ii. Unified, not politically, but socially. Terms: Mercenary : Hired Soldier Hellenistic Kingdoms: The three regions made from Alexander’s Kingdom after having it split between his three highest generals following his death. Hist 101 Page# 3
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Roman Society – - Core Values (traditions) i. Devoted to Families 1. Patriarchal 2. Paterfamilius – name of head of household. -
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 346 taught by Professor Richardson during the Fall '08 term at VCU.

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History Notes - "Omnia mutarntur Nihil interit Everything...

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