3.10 English DBA Notes.docx - Theme is the meaning or...

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Theme: is the meaning or message of a text. Literary works communicate ideas about life to teach, inspire, challenge, warn, or change people. A theme is never one word; it should always be stated as a sentence. Examples of themes: Difficult experiences make us stronger. People should not take advantage of one another. Love is a sweet and bitter experience. Fear can keep us from trying new things. Humanity desires peace but cannot help engaging in conflict. A friend is the most valuable possession one can have. Loneliness helps us discover who we are as individuals. Excessive pride can destroy a person. Techniques Rhythm: a combination of long and short sentences that draw the reader into the experience of the story Pace: the use of phrases, sentences, and punctuation used to build tension and suspense Anaphora: the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of two or more successive clauses to emphasize an idea or create suspense Foreshadowing: the use of hints or clues that suggest future events Flashback: an interruption in the sequence of time where a past event is presented in the midst of the portrayal of a current event Verbal: a device in which what one means does not match with what one says Situational: a device in which what one expects to happen does not actually occur Dramatic: a device in which the audience knows something that the characters do not Point of View The angle or perspective from which the narrator tells the story. Some stories use more than one point of view to tell the tale. First-person narrators are characters in the story and participate in the action.

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